Aditya-L1 snaps a selfie; ISRO releases new Earth and Moon photos

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has recently released new photos captured by Aditya-L1. Aditya-L1 is slated to reach the Sun-Earth L1 point as part of ISRO’s solar programme. It’s taken a selfie now. It also recorded photographs of the Earth and the Moon, which ISRO released on X (previously Twitter).

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Aditya L1 is the name of India’s first space mission to study the Sun. It will travel 1.5 million km from Earth to a location known as Lagrange point 1 (L1). Being in this position allows the spacecraft to constantly observe the Sun, even during eclipses. This will allow ISRO to gain a better understanding of what the Sun is doing and how it influences space weather in real-time.

The spaceship carried seven specialised gadgets for various research purposes. These instruments will gaze at different levels of the Sun and measure things like electromagnetic fields and particles.

Four of these tools will research particles and fields near the L1 point, while the other three will examine particles and fields around the Sun. This will provide us with crucial information on how changes in the Sun influence the space surrounding it.

Aditya-L1 mission goals

The Aditya-L1 mission has a number of lofty objectives focusing on researching the Sun. One of its key goals is to closely analyse the Sun’s top layers, known as the chromosphere and corona. Scientists hope to obtain a better grasp of how these layers operate and interact with one another by doing so.

Another essential part of the mission will be to investigate what warms these top layers and causes solar phenomena like as flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). 

The project intends to investigate the physics of these high-energy events as well as the partly ionised plasma that exists in the Sun’s outer layers. This will also include gathering crucial data on particles near the Sun in order to improve our knowledge of their behaviour.

Aside from this, the mission will concentrate on the science of the solar corona’s heating process. The velocity, temperature, and density of the plasma in the corona and its loop-like structures will be measured by scientists. These data will help scientists understand how CMEs form, originate, and affect space weather.

Finally, the mission attempts to comprehend the chain of processes that lead to solar eruptive phenomena throughout many layers of the Sun, including the chromosphere, the base, and the extended corona. It also intends to map the magnetic fields in the corona of the Sun in order to better comprehend their structure. 

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This might yield crucial information on the origins, composition, and behaviour of solar winds, which are important generators of space weather.

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