Eunice Newton Foote, an American scientist, celebrates her 204th birthday with a Google Doodle

    Eunice Newton Foote, the American scientist who discovered the greenhouse effect and pushed for women’s rights, is honored by a Google Doodle.

    Today, Google Doodle commemorates the 204th birthday of Eunice Newton Foote, an American scientist and women’s rights activist who made a fundamental contribution to climate science by finding the greenhouse effect and its significance in global warming for the first time. 

    Newton Foote was born in Connecticut in 1819 and attended Troy Female Seminary, which encouraged students to attend scientific lectures and engage in chemistry laboratories for experiments. Science has since been her lifetime obsession. 

    In 1856, she carried out an experiment that affected our knowledge of climate change today, in which she placed various gases in cylinders and exposed them all to sunlight for observation. 

    Foote then noticed that carbon dioxide had gotten hotter than the other gases. She then decided that carbon dioxide alone has the capacity to modify the Earth’s temperature since it has the greatest heating impact. As a result, she was the first scientist to identify the relationship between carbon dioxide levels and atmospheric warming.

    Eunice Newton Foote

    Her second research on atmospheric static electricity was published in the American Association for the Advancement of Science journal Proceedings. With this, she became the first woman scientist in the United States to publish two physics research. 

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    Following the publication of two investigations, Foote’s work was presented by a male scientist at the annual conference of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, leading to an experiment that revealed the comprehension and meaning of the term “Greenhouse effect.” 

    In addition, throughout her life, Foote campaigned for women’s rights. In 1848, she attended the inaugural Woman’s Rights Convention at Seneca Falls. She also became the Declaration of Sentiments’ fifth signatory. It is a manifesto that demands social and legal equality for women.

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