Isro is also working on some additional large-scale projects that are scheduled to begin in the next months.
The successful landing of India’s third lunar probe, Chandrayaan-3, is just the start of the country’s space adventures. S Somanath, the chairman of India’s space research organization (Isro), stated on Wednesday that the “golden era” of India’s space program had only just begun, echoing Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s statements.
Somanath stated that, while the space agency’s attention has been on ensuring the success of Chandrayaan-3 over the previous several months, Isro is also working on some other big-ticket projects that are planned for the next months. He went on to say that with this mission, India has established itself as a viable partner in the global space sector.
“Going to the moon and landing softly is a difficult mission.” It is extremely impossible for any nation, even with the most advanced technology, to do this, but we have done it in only two missions. “The first mission was a close call, but now we’ve nailed it,” he added.
He stated that this trip would give the space agency more confidence to investigate the expanse of space and that Isro would be busy with missions for the next three months.
“We have some major missions planned.” Following the completion of Chandrayaan-3, we will immediately begin work on the Aditya-L1 project, which is our solar mission…It has already been integrated and brought to Sriharikota, and the rocket may be integrated today or tomorrow,” Somanath said, adding that the launch of India’s first solar mission is scheduled for early September.
Aditya-L1 is India’s first dedicated solar-science mission. Previously, Aditya-1, a 400 kg class satellite carrying one payload, the Visible Emission Line Coronagraph VELC, was slated to launch in an 800 km low earth orbit.
However, because a satellite placed in a halo orbit around the first Lagrangian Point (L1) of the sun-Earth system has the key benefit of continuously viewing the sun despite any occultation/eclipses, the Aditya-1 mission has been renamed the Aditya-L1 mission, which will see the satellite inserted in a halo orbit around the L1—1.5 million kilometers from the earth towards the sun.
According to Isro scientists, Aditya-L1’s equipment is calibrated to examine the solar atmosphere, namely the chromosphere and corona. At L1, in-situ equipment will observe the local environment.
“The spacecraft carries seven payloads that use electromagnetic, particle, and magnetic field detectors to observe the photosphere, chromosphere, and the sun’s outermost layers (the corona).” “Using the unique vantage point L1, four payloads directly observe the sun, while the remaining three payloads conduct in-situ studies of particles and fields at the Lagrange point L1, providing important scientific investigation of the propagatory effect of solar dynamics in the interplanetary medium,” according to Isro’s latest mission document.
“The Aditya-L1 payload suits are expected to provide the most critical information to understand the issues related to coronal mass ejection, coronal heating, pre-flare and flare events and their characteristics, space weather dynamics, particle, and field propagation.”
Gaganyaan’s mission demonstration has been canceled.
The space agency also revealed that the next in line will be a vital component of Gaganyaan, India’s first human spaceflight mission.
The project envisions demonstrating human spaceflight capabilities by sending a crew of three men into a 400km orbit for a three-day trip and safely returning them to Earth by landing in Indian sea waters. “The project is completed through an optimal strategy that takes into account in-house expertise, Indian industry experience, intellectual capabilities of Indian academia and research institutions, and cutting-edge technologies available from international agencies,” Isro stated in its mission document.
“Many important technologies, like as a human-rated launch vehicle for safely carrying personnel to space and a life support system to provide an earth-like environment to the crew in orbit, crew emergency escape provision, and evolving crew management aspects for crew training, recovery, and rehabilitation are required for the Gaganyaan mission, “