CJI D.Y. Chandrachud has participated in various Constitution benches and significant rulings by the supreme court, and he refers to dissent as the “safety valve of democracy.”
Wednesday’s brief ceremony at the Rashtrapati Bhavan saw President Droupadi Murmu appoint Justice Dhananjaya Yashwant Chandrachud (D.Y. Chandrachud) as the 50th Chief Justice of India (CJI).
In the presence of Vice President and Rajya Sabha Chairperson Jagdeep Dhankhar, Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla, Defense Minister Rajnath Singh, Home Minister Amit Shah, and Law Minister Kiren Rijiju, CJI Chandrachud took the oath in English and in the name of God.
Congratulations to Dr. Justice D Y Chandrachud for being sworn in as India’s Chief Justice! tweeted Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who was not present at the ceremony. wishing him a successful future.
At the oath-taking event was his predecessor, Justice Uday Umesh Lalit, who left office on Tuesday.
A two-year appointment, Justice Chandrachud will serve as Chief Justice of India until November 10, 2024, the day before he turns 65. The distinction of being the CJI with the longest tenure belongs to his father, Y.V. Chandrachud, who oversaw the judiciary from February 22, 1978, to July 11, 1985.
CJI Chandrachud, who refers to dissent as the “safety valve of democracy,” has participated in a number of Constitution benches and historic rulings by the highest court, including those addressing the Ayodhya land dispute and the right to privacy. In the Justice K.S. Puttaswamy v. Union of India case, he authored the lead opinion for a nine-judge Constitution Bench, which unanimously determined that the right to privacy was a basic right.
He recently led a bench that enlarged the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act’s application to cover unmarried women seeking abortions between 20 and 24 weeks of pregnancy.
CJI Chandrachud served on the benches that gave ground-breaking rulings on decriminalizing same-sex relationships after Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code was partially overturned. He has also served on benches that have rendered decisions regarding the Aadhaar program’s legality, the Sabarimala controversy, and the establishment of permanent commission for female officers in the Armed Forces.
The severe second wave of the pandemic in 2021 was referred to be a “national disaster” by a bench he presided over as it traveled through different directions to ease people’s suffering during the COVID-19 crisis.
The two judges of the Supreme Court Collegium who had opposed to the “circulation” approach used to solicit opinions from its members over the appointment of judges to the top court were CJI Chandrachud and then-CJI Lalit, who was the next-most senior judge.
Justice D.Y. Chandrachud’s significant judgments
On November 9, 2022, Justice Dhananjaya Yashwant Chandrachud was sworn in as the 50th Chief Justice of India. For two years, he will be the CJI.
His minority or dissenting opinions on the court’s bench are just as sharp as his concurring ones.
The Bombay High Court designated CJI Chandrachud as a senior counsel in June 1998. The following year, he was appoint Additional Solicitor General. And held that position until March 29, 2000, when he was appoint a judge in the Bombay High Court.
From October 31, 2013, till his elevation to the Supreme Court in May 2016. He continued on to become Chief Justice of the Allahabad High Court.
CJI Chandrachud earned his undergraduate degree in economics from St. Stephen’s College. His LLB from Delhi University’s Campus Law Centre. And his doctorate in jurisprudence from Harvard Law School in the United States. He practised law at the Supreme Court and the Bombay High Court. And has been a Visiting Professor of Comparative Constitutional Law at the University of Mumbai.